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МГУПС, английский язык (практические работы)
03.11.2016, 16:48

Практические работы по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (Документоведение и документационное обеспечение управления)»

1-й семестр

Практическая работа №1

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Family Life, Education, Future Career and Resume

In most families, it's a small family group who live in the same house, mother, father and the children before they get married. But if one of the grandparents dies, the other usually sells their home and goes to live with their children. So it's quite common to have one grandparent living with you. Most children leave home when they get married. But there are some people who want to lead independent lives and they find a flat as soon as they start their first job, even before they get married. Of course, the main problem is that flats are so expensive to rent here, and we simply have to live with our parents.

After 9th form pupils have to sit for examinations. Also they have a choice between entering the 10th grade of a general secondary school and enrolling in a specialized secondary or vocational school.

Finishing school is the beginning of the independent life for millions of school leavers. Many roads are open before them: technical schools, institutes and universities. But it is not easy thing to choose a profession out of more than 2000 existing in the world.

Some pupils follow the advice of their parents, others can't decide even after leaving school. Studying to be a lawyer represents the fulfillment of one of my longest held dreams. Whatever I could do as a lawyer to help people who are victimized by unscrupulous businessmen, as well as their own ignorance of the law, would give me a great satisfaction. The duty of the lawyer is not only to punish people for various crimes: from espionage to serial murder and terrorism, but they must do their best to prevent crimes, to fight against evil in our society. They should help those people, who committed an error (broke the law) to find the right road in their life. The lawyers protect the rights and legal interests of citizens, institutions and organizations. I want to help people, businesses to solve their problems; I want to help everybody to know the rules that we all have to get along. I think that the profession of a lawyer is one of the most important in the law-governed state, which we are creating now.

Persons, who finish the general secondary school, receive a secondary education certificate, giving them the right to enter any higher educational establishment. Entrance examinations are held in July and August. Institutions are headed by rectors; the faculties are headed by the deans. One has to study in the institute for 5 years. Higher educational institutions train students in one or several specializations.

Then you look for a job. That is why you have to know how to write a resume. No matter what method of job hunting you use, inevitably somebody will ask you for a resume. Most companies require a resume before seriously considering a job candidate from the outside. Resumes are sometimes also required in order to receive a job transfer within a company.

The purpose of a resume is to help you obtain a job interview, not a job. Very few people are hired without a personal interview.

Effective resumes are straightforward, factual presentations of a person's experience and accomplishments. They are neither over detailed nor too sketchy. A general rule is that two or three pages in length is best.

 

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы по-английски.

1. Why do young families want to live apart from their parents?

2. When do they start living independent life?

3. Why is it not easy to choose your future profession?

4. Why do people choose the career of a lawyer?

5. What do persons who finish the general secondary school do after school?

6. What do you do after getting the higher education?

7. Why do you need to know how to write a resume?

8. What is the main aim of a resume?

9. What makes a good resume?

10. How many pages are enough for a good resume?

 

Задание 3. Переведите предложения и выберите правильный вариант.

1. Most children ... home when they get married.

a) lives b) is living c) live

2. ... school is the beginning of the independent life

a) finishing b) to finishing c) finished

3. There ... some people who want to lead independent lives.

a) is b) are c) am

4. I ... a family.

a) has b) have c) is having

5. Many school leavers ... a higher institution

a) is enter b) enters c) will enter

6. Did you ... a good family life?

a) had b) have c) has

7. The profession of a lawyer ... one of the most important in the law-governed state.

a) is b) are c) am

8. Entrance examinations usually ... in July and August.

a) was b) is c) are

9. If my friend ... a good resume he will find a good job.

a) have b) has c) will has

10. The purpose of a resume ... to help you obtain a job interview, not a job.

a) are b) were c) is

 

Задание 4. Выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. The __________ (sheep) eat grass.

a) sheep; b) sheeps; c) sheepes.

2. The __________ (postman) are always busy.

a) postman; b) postmen; c) postmans.

3. The __________ (roof) of the house are bad.

a) roof; b) roofes; c) roofs.

4. Our __________ (photo) are lovely.

a) photo; b) photoes; c) photos.

5. The __________ (mouse) are at home.

a) mouse; b) mice; c) mouses.

6. These __________ (woman) have long hair.

a) women; b) womans; c) woman.

7. My friends’ __________ (foot) are large.

a) foot; b) feet; c) foots.

8. These _________ (piano) are of the latest model.

a) piano; b) pianos; c) pianoes.

9. Those are Ann’s __________ (photo).

a) photos; b) photoes; c) photo.

10.This paste is for babies’ __________ (tooth).

a) teeth; b) toothes; c) tooths.

11.They are our __________ (child).

a) childs; b) children; c) child.

 

Задание 5.  Поставьте необходимое по смыслу притяжательное местоимение.

1. What is ______ name?  –   His name is Jack.

2. What is ______ name? – Her name is Ann.

3. What is ______ name? – My name is ………..

4. What is ______ name? – His name is Michael.

5. What is ______ brother’s name?  –   My brother’s name is Nick.

 

Задание 6. Образуйте другие части речи от данных ниже слов.

Married, decide, lawyer, ignorance, protect, know, crime, entrance, independent.

 

Практическая работа №2

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно

Задание I. Read, translate the text and answer the questions of the text:

Education in Russia and Great Britain

Education is very important in the modern world, which is full of technological advances.

All countries have traditional systems of education, according to which pupils start school at the age of 5, 6 or 7 and study at school for 11 or 12 years. This system of education seems good because pupils are taught by well-qualified teachers and they get the necessary amount of knowledge specified by a national curriculum. But some people believe that the current system is a failure because it doesn’t teach children how to become good thinkers. School is about passing exams, but education should be about life.

In many countries education is compulsory, but school isn’t. So many parents choose alternative ways of education for their children, for example, home education.     

Education in Russia

Citizens of Russia have the right to education which is guaranteed by the Constitution and ensured by the broad development of compulsory secondary education, vocational, specialized secondary and higher education, by the development of correspondence and evening courses, by the provisions of state scholarships, grants and privileges for students.

In Russia there is a nine-year compulsory education, but to enter a university one has to study two years more. School starts at the age of 6 or 7 for Russian children. At school pupils study academic subjects, such as Russian, Literature, Mathematics, History, Biology, foreign languages and others.

After finishing secondary school, lyceum or gymnasium one can go to higher education.  Entrance competitive examinations are held in July and August.

Higher educational institutions are headed by Rectors. Institutes train undergraduates and graduate students in one or several specializations. The faculties are headed by the Deans.

Notes:

well-qualified – квалифицированный

curriculum – учебный план

compulsory – обязательный

competitive – конкурсный

scholarship – стипендия

graduate student – аспирант

tutorials – практические занятия

 

1. Why is education important in the modern life?

a)…because world is full of technological advances;

b)…because it is funny; c)…because it is guaranteed by the constitution.

2. What an alternative way of secondary education can you choose?

a)…on-line education; b)…extra-mural education; c)…home education.

3. What subjects do pupils study at school?

a) Russian, Literature, Mathematics, History, Biology, foreign lan-guages and others; b)Russian, Literature and Mathematics; c)Russian, Literature and foreign languages.

4. How long does anyone have to study at school to continue the education at the university?

a) 9 years; b)11 years; c)10 years.

5. What institutions does higher education include?

a)… technical training schools and teachers training colleges; b)… technical training schools and universities; c)… technical training schools, teachers. training colleges, universities which offer master’s and doctoral degrees programs.

6. How many universities are there in Great Britain? What are the oldest ones?

a)…80 universities, Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest ones;

 b)…90 universities, Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest ones;

c)…90 universities, Oxford and Glasgow are the oldest ones.

7. What does an undergraduate program consist of?

a)… a series of seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes; b)… a series of lectures, seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes; c)      … a series of tutorials and laboratory classes.

8.How are seminars and tutorials given to students?

a) Seminars and tutorials are much smaller than lecture classes and can be on a one-to-one basis; b)Seminars and tutorials are much smaller than lecture classes and can be given to a 5 students group; c)Seminars and tutorials are much larger than lecture classes and can be given to 50 students group at once.

9.How long may a lecture course last?

a)… a year or a year and a half; b)… only one academic term; c)… one academic term or the whole year.

10.How long one must study to get Degree of Bachelor of Arts or Science?

a)…three years; b)…four years; c)…five years.

 

Задание II. Choose the right option:

1. School isn’t compulsory so many parents … alternative ways of education for their children.

a) choose; b) will choose; c) chose.

2. Lecture courses usually … one academic term or the whole year.

a) lasted; b) lasts; c) last.

3) 31 former polytechnics … university status in 1992 in Britain.

a) got; b) get; c) getted.

4. To get ready for seminars and tutorials students … to prepare work in advance.

a) has; b) have; c) had.

5. If an undergraduate … three years of study a university he … with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts or Science.

a) spends, leave; b) will spend, will leave; c) spends, will leave.

6. I have finished the 11th form this year. My school years … at the age of 6.

a) start; b) started; c) will start.

7. Nowadays both colleges and universities … courses in teacher training, technology and medicine.

a) offered; b) will offer; c) offer.

8. After finishing a secondary, vocational, technical school or a college, young people can start working or … an institution of higher education.

a) entering; b) will enter; c) enters.

9. After having final formal teaching in the second term my British friend … examinations in the third term soon.

a) pass; b) passed; c) will pass.

10. I … a course on Business English three years ago and I need it again.

a) take; b) took; c) taken.

 

Практическая работа № 3

Задание I. Read, translate the text and answer the questions of the text:

Ecology of Transport and Environment Protection

Ecology is the study of the environment and the way plants, animals, and humans live together and affect each other. This word came from the Greek ‘oikos’ which means ‘home’.

The problem of protecting nature is of primary importance today. Through their daily activities people pollute water, air, soil.  If these activities aren’t stopped the damage may become irreversible.

The Earth is suffering many ecological problems. One of them is air pollution. Air pollution destroys the ozone layer which protects the Earth from the dangerous light of the Sun.

The second important problem is water pollution. Plants and factories put trash into seas lakes and rivers. Many birds and fish die because of the polluted water.

Industries located along waterways downstream contribute a number of chemical pollutants, some of which are toxic. Another form of pollution that is characteristic of industrial societies is noise.

Railway transport industry negatively impacts on nature by building railroads and industrial enterprises. Operations of railways and rolling stock cause to great fuel and energy consumption, and exhaust fumes from diesel locomotives contain a lot of harmful substances.

Construction and functioning of railways is connected with pollution of natural complexes by emissions, drains, waste which may break balance in ecological systems. In comparison with different means of transport, railways are environmentally friendly. Electric trains cause no pollution at all, while diesel – powered trains generate fifteen times less harmful substances than automobiles for the same traffic.

In recent years the pollution problems have received great publicity. Protection of natural resources and wildlife is becoming a political programme in every country.

Non – political environmental organisation Greenpeace has gained widespread trust and support. There are many serious actions in the list of Greenpeace activities. The national offices exist in 27 countries of the world. In Russia Greenpeace was formed in 1992. It works here in three directions: Wood Campaign, Antinuclear Campaign and Campaign for preservation of Lake Baikal. Greenpeace tries to attract public attention to different problems in the world and to find the way out.

Note:

to affect – оказывать влияние

to pollute – загрязнять

waterways downstream – вниз по течению

waste – отходы

contamination – загрязнение

rolling stock – подвижной состав

exhaust fumes – выхлопные газы

drain – утечка

widespread trust – большое доверие

to eliminate – исключить

 

Задание II. Choose the right option:

1. What does the term «ecology» mean?

The term «ecology» means: a) nature; b) animals; c) home.

2. What ecological problems does the Earth suffer?

a) problems with noise; b) problems of air, water and waste pollution c) political problems.

3. How does the railway transport industry impact on nature?

a) negatively; b) positively; c) neutrally.

4. How is construction and functioning of railways connected with pollution of natural complexes?

a) improving ecological system; b) building balance in ecological system; c) emissions, drains, waste which may break balance in ecological systems.

5. Do electric trains cause any pollution?

a) much pollution; b) no pollution; c) many problems.

6. Is Greenpeace a political or environmental organisation?

a) a political organization; b) a scientific organization; c) an environmental organization.

7. When was Greenpeace formed in Russia?

a) 1994; b) 1992; c) 1993.

8. How does Greenpeace work in Russia?

a) 2 directions; b) 5 directions; c) 3 directions.

9. What should people do to protect nature?

a) study nature; b) change the attitude to it; c) speak about nature.

10. Have the pollution problems received great publicity nowadays?

a) great publicity; b) no publicity; c) little support.

 

Задание III.  Translate the proposals and select the correct answer:

1. In recent years the pollution problems _______ great publicity.

a) has received; b) will have received; c) have received.

2. Non-political environmental organisation Greenpeace ______ widespread trust and support.

a) have gained; b) had gained; c) has gained.

3. Politicians ______ the problem of global warming until 2015.

a) have solved; b) will not have solved; c) will have not solved.

4. In ten years’ time, some wild animals ________ extinct.

a) have become; b) will have;c) will have become.

5. By the year 2050, the temperature of the Earth ______ a few degrees.

a) will be rising; b) will rise; c) will have risen.

6. Do you think people _______ up using cars in 50 years’ time?

a) will give; b) have given; c) will have given.

7. By the time the train finally arrived, we _______ for two hours already.

a) have waited; b) will have waited; c) had waited.

8. In the 1960s people ________ on the streets, but not now.

a) would protest; b) had protested; c) have protested.

9. Do you think we _______ a cure for AIDS by the year 2020?

a) will be finding; b) have found; c) will have found.

10. My mother ________ by air.

a) has never travel; b) have never travelled; c) has never travelled.

 

Практическая работа № 4

Задание I. Read, translate the text and answer the questions of the text:

Geography, Political System, Economics of the Russian Federa-tion, the UK and the USA

The Russian Federation (or Russia) is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Europe and Asia and occupies about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. With an area of more than 17 million square kilometers, it is the largest country in the world by land mass, washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans. Russia is now an independent country and an influential member of the Commonwealth of Independent States since 1991.                              

Russia is a parliamentary republic with the President as the Head of State. The legislative powers are exercised by the Duma. The capital of Russia is Moscow, one of the oldest cities, the largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre.

Though Russia is very rich in coal, iron ore, copper, nickel and other mineral resources, it remains heavily dependent on exports of oil, natural gas, metals, and timber, which account for about 80% of exports. In recent years, however, the economy is showing the strengthening of its own internal market.

But in spite of the problems Russia is facing at present, there are a lot of opportunities for this country to become one of the leading countries in the world.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (or Britain) is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and above five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244 000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen, but in practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties. The Liberal party is ruling the country nowadays.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It’s known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. Agriculture is also developed in the country: there are a lot of crops grown there and a developed animal husbandry.    

The United States of America (or America) occupies most of the southern part of the continent of North America. It stretches from the Pacific Ocean in the west across to the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and down to the Gulf of Mexico in the south. The United States is the world’s third largest country by land area. The total area of the country is over nine million square kilometers.

The country is made up of fifty states. It is considered to be the oldest constitutional republic in the world, and has existed for over 200 years. The nation operates as a presidential system also known as a congressional system. There are three levels of government: federal, state, and local.         

The USA is the world’s wealthiest country. The value of the goods its factories produce, the crops its farms grow and the services it provides are larger than those from Russia, Japan and Germany combined. It also has a great wealth of natural resources, with many valuable minerals found below its ground.

Notes:

to stretch – растягивать, простираться

influential – влиятельный

strengthening – укрепление, усиление

to reign – царствовать, господствовать

chamber – камера, зд. палата

animal husbandry – животноводство

to consider – считать, полагать, рассматривать

the wealthiest – самый богатый

valuable – ценный, значимый

 

Задание II. Choose the right option:

1. What country stretches over Europe and Asia?

a) Russia; b) Britain; c) America.

2. What is the political system of Russia?

a) a constitutional republic; b) a parliamentary republic; c) a monarchy.

3. What natural resources is Russia rich in?

a) Russia is very rich in coal, iron ore, copper and nickel; b) Russia is very rich in oil and timber; c) Russia is very rich in natural gas.

4. What countries is the United Kingdom made up of?

a) England, Scotland and Northern Ireland; a) England, Wales and Northern Ireland; b) England, Scotland and Northern Ireland; с) England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 

5. Who rules the UK?

a) The Queen

b)The Prime Minister

c) Parliament

6. What is Britain famous for?

a) It’s the world’s largest agrarian country; b) It’s the wealthiest country in the world; c) It’s one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment.

7. Where is the United States of America situated?

a) …in the southern part of the continent of North America; b) … in the western part of the continent of North America; c) … in the eastern part of the continent of North America.

8. How many states are there in the USA?

a) fifty-one; b) fifty; c) fifty-two.

9. How many years has the country existed?

a) … over 300 years; b) … over 200 years; c) … over 250 years.

10. What kind of influence does the United States of America have in the world?

a) little influence; b) no influence; c) vast influence.

 

Задание III. Determine whether the proposals text (True/False/Not mentioned in the text):

1.Russia occupies about one-fifth of the earth’s surface.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

2.Russia is an influential member of the Commonwealth of Independent States since 1991.

 a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

3.There are a lot of opportunities for Russia to become one of the leading countries in the world.

 a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

4.The United Kingdom is made up of three countries: England, Scotland, and Wales.

 a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

5.The Head of State is the Queen, the Queen reigns and rules the country.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

6.There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

7.The UK is a highly developed industrial and agricultural country.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

8.The total area of the USA is less than nine million square kilometers.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

9.The value of the goods is larger than those from Russia, Japan and Germany combined.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

10.The United States of America has a little economic, political and military influence on a global scale.

a) true; b) false; c) not mentioned in the text.

 

Практическая работа № 5

Задание I. Read, translate the text

Job Hunting

Resume

An excellent resume may help you get the job of your dreams and a poor resume may mean a lost opportunity.

Since this is the first piece of information a company will receive about you, it is critically important that your resume be well-written.

It should be presented at the beginning of any interview that you have with a company. Ideally, resume should not be longer than one page.

Although resumes are personal documents there are some basic areas of information that most resumes include:

1. Personal information;

2. Job objective;

3. Education;

4. Experience;

5. Activities and/or professional affiliations;

6. Special interests and skills;

7. References.

The resume begins with PERSONAL INFORMATION, name, address, telephone number centered at the top page.

After your address, a statement of intent or JOB OBJECTIVE should be written. This objective should be well thought out from the very beginning since it will influence the way you will write the rest of the resume. It should not be too general, eg: To obtain a managerial position in a western company.

Think about your job search and career goals carefully, write them down in a way that shows you have given them much thought.

For example: “Objective: To obtain a position in telecommunication that will allow me to use my knowledge of engineering and take advantage of my desire to work in sales”.

Never include your desire to have a well-paid job in this statement. A focus on money in your resume’s first sentence will not make the best impression anywhere in the world, not just in Russia.

After the statement of intent, describe your EDUCATION.

List the universities, institutes and colleges you have attended in reverse chronological order.

 

Задание II. Suggest the Russian for:

- personal information;

- job objective;

- to obtain a managerial position;

- emphasizing important activities;

- activities and professional affiliations;

- major projects;

- travel experiences;

- available upon request;

- format of a resume.

 

Задание III. Fill out the blanks with prepositions or adverbs where necessary.

1) Spell… the exact dates of employment. 2) It should be presented… the beginning of any interview. 3) It is best to be honest… assessing your level. 4) The resume begins… Personal Information. 5) If you graduated… honours, you should definitely include it. 6) Name, address are centered…the top of the page. 7) Give the full name of the company you worked… 8) The job objective should be well thought… from the very beginning. 9) The resume should be typed… a computer. 10) List the places you studied at… reverse order. 11) An applicant should take great care… details. 12) There are several ways… looking… a job.





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