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НА МВД, английский язык (контрольная работа №1)
22.10.2016, 18:57

Вариант №1

(№ зачётной книжки заканчивается на …0,1,2)

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

LONDON

London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. It is one of the world's major business, political and cultural centres. The capital of the former British Empire, London is a leader in international finance, communications, entertainment, fashion and the arts and has considerable worldwide influence.

 Actually, London can be divided into several parts: the City of London, or Downtown, the West End, Westminster and the East End.

The City is the oldest part of London with narrow streets and pavements. There are many offices, companies and banks in this part of London. The City of London is the financial centre of the United Kingdom. Only a few thousand people live there, but in the day-time it is full of people - as about half of million people come to work there. The biggest banks and offices are concentrated in the City.

The West End is the centre of London. It is full of richest hotels, largest super-markets, best cinemas and concert-halls. There are a lot of beautiful houses and gardens. Only well-to-do people can live there.

Another important district of London is Westminster, where most of Government buildings are situated. Westminster Palace is the seat of the British Parliament. Westminster Palace was founded in 1050. It is situated in the centre of London.

The Towers of the Houses of Parliament stand high above the city. On the highest tower there is the largest clock in the country which is known to the whole world as Big Ben. One can hear Big Ben strike every quarter of an hour. The clock Big Ben came into service in 1859. Big Ben is the biggest clock bell in Britain.

The official London residence of the Queen is Buckingham Palace. It was built in the 18th century. The Royal Family occupies the north wing of the palace and the Royal Standard flies at the masthead when the Sovereign is in the residence.

There are many nice squares in London. Trafalgar Square is one of them and it is in the centre of the West End. One can see a statue of Lord Nelson in the middle of this square.

There are many museums, libraries and galleries in London. The Tate Gallery is one of the well-known galleries in London. Henry Tate was a sugar manufacturer. He was fond of paintings and collected many pictures.

The British Museum is a very interesting place in London. It was founded in 1753. The library of this museum has lots of books.

The East End of London is the industrial area and the place where the working people live. There are many factories, workshops and docks there. The East End, lying eastwards from the City is very large and crowded.

There are many cars and buses in London. There is the Tube (an underground) in London too. The underground, constructed in London, was the first underground in the world.

II.Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What is the capital of the UK?

2. What are the main parts of London?

3. What is the oldest part of London?

4. What part do well-to-do people live in?

5. What is the administrative centre of London?

6. What is the seat of the British Parliament?

7. What is the official residence of the Queen?

8. What is the industrial part of London?

9. How is the metro called in England?

10. When was the first underground constructed?

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкцияTHERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.  Выпишете из текста числительные и напишите их прописью.

V.  Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых прилагательные или наречия стоят в сравнительной или превосходной степени.  Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI.  Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения  с причастием настоящего времени (Participle I) и причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, определите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них  устно. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно. 

1. What is your name?

2. How old are you?

3. Are you married?

4. Have you any children?

5. What is you hobby?

6. Where do you study?

7. What year student are you?

8. What subjects do you study?

9. When was the city of Nizhny Novgorod founded?

10. Where is it situated?

11. What are the most important industries of Nizhny Novgorod?

12. What places of interest do you know?

13. What countries constitute the UK?

14. What kind of state is the UK?

15. What chambers does Parliament consist of?

16. When was the Constitution of the USA adopted?

17. What are the branches of the Government of the USA?

18. What branch of the Government does the President head?

19. How is the judicial system of Great Britain organized?

20. What is at the top of the pyramid?

21. What kind of court is the Court of Appeal?

22. What courts are on the civil side?

23. What courts try criminal cases?

24. What is the highest judicial organ of the USA?

25. How many judicial circuits are there in the USA?

26. What are the lowest courts in the USA?

27. Under whose responsibility are the usual militia tasks carried out?

28. Has the Ministry of Internal Affairs its own armed forces?

29. What do the duties of militia concern?

30. In what sections are the militia departments organized?

X. Напишите краткий рассказ о себе, своей семье, учёбе.

 

Вариант № 2

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

Moscow

Founded in 1147 by Yury Dolgoruky, Moscow has become the largest political, administrative, economic and cultural centre in the country. Moscow is one of the world's  scientific and arts  centres.  It is the seat of the Academy of Sciences of Russia, the home of many col­leges, thousands of schools, lots of research institutes. There are over 100 museums and exhibition halls, dozens of theatres, hundreds of cinemas and libraries. Moscow is rich in historical and architectural monuments.

The heart of Moscow is the Kremlin. The cathedrals, palaces, towers and buildings of the Kremlin are remarkable museums containing unique exhibits associated with Russian history. The Czar Bell and the Czar Cannon are the sights that attract many tourists as well.

There are many towers in the Kremlin. The Spassky Tower is the tallest tower and it has become one of the symbols of Moscow.

Red Square is one of the most beautiful squares in the world. In the 17th century the square was called «red» which means «beautiful» in old Slavic. The square has witnessed many historic events. Here cere­monies, national celebrations and executions took place. In the centre of it you can see the Mausoleum near the Kremlin wall. On the south side of the square is St.Basil's Cathedral. In the middle of the 16th century St.Basil's Cathedral was built under Ivan IV (the Terrible) to celebrate the annexation of Kazan and Astrakhan. The Russian masters Posnik and Barma built this architectural masterpiece.

The monument to Minin and Pozharsky is situated in front of the Cathedral.

The monument was sculptured by Ivan Martos in classical style. It is devoted

to the victory of 1612 war against the Polish invaders.

On the east side of the square is the largest department store of the capital. On the north side of the square is the Historical Museum. Its collection covers the Russian history from ancient times to the end of the 19th century.

Moscow is famous for its monuments. You can find here monuments to outstanding writers, poets, scientists, revolutionaries. Perhaps, the most beautiful is the monument to Pushkin, the great Russian poet. It is situated in the centre of Pushkinskaya Square. There are always many people around, some of them bring flowers to the monument.

The most popular museums in Moscow are probably the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery. The Pushkin Museum is situated in Volkhonka street. It has a fine collection of European paint­ing and sculptures.  The Tretyakov Galleiy is famous for its unique collection of Russian art. Its founder, Pavel Tretyakov, began collecting the finest works of Russian artists in 1856. Thirty-six years later he presented the whole collection to the city of Moscow.

II.Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста.  Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. When was Moscow founded?

2. Who was the founder of the city?

3. What is the heart of Moscow?

4. What is the tallest tower in Moscow?

5. What was built under Ivan IV?

6. In the honour of what event was St. Basil’s Cathedral built?

7. What event is the monument to Minin and Pozharsky devoted to?

8. What are the most popular museums in Moscow?

9. What museum is famous for the unique collection of Russian art?

10. When did Pavel Tretyakov present his collection to the city of Moscow?

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкцияTHERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.  Выпишете из текста числительные и напишите их прописью.

V.  Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых прилагательные или наречия стоят в сравнительной или превосходной степени.  Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI.  Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения  с причастием настоящего времени (Participle I) и причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, определите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них  устно. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What is your name?

2. How old are you?

3. Are you married?

4. Have you any children?

5. What is you hobby?

6. Where do you study?

7. What year student are you?

8. What subjects do you study?

9. When was the city of Nizhny Novgorod founded?

10. Where is it situated?

11. What are the most important industries of Nizhny Novgorod?

12. What places of interest do you know?

13. What countries constitute the UK?

14. What kind of state is the UK?

15. What chambers does Parliament consist of?

16. When was the Constitution of the USA adopted?

17. What are the branches of the Government of the USA?

18. What branch of the Government does the President head?

19. How is the judicial system of Great Britain organized?

20. What is at the top of the pyramid?

21. What kind of court is the Court of Appeal?

22. What courts are on the civil side?

23. What courts try criminal cases?

24. What is the highest judicial organ of the USA?

25. How many judicial circuits are there in the USA?

26. What are the lowest courts in the USA?

27. Under whose responsibility are the usual militia tasks carried out?

28. Has the Ministry of Internal Affairs its own armed forces?

29. What do the duties of militia concern?

30. In what sections are the militia departments organized?

X. Напишите краткий рассказ о себе, своей семье, учёбе.

 

Вариант № 3

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

New York

Visitors to the USA come to New York city first and this is where they can get acquainted with the American way of life, American culture and American language, New York has always been the gateway to the USA. But it is more than just a door, it is also a window through which the life of the whole nation may be observed. New York is the financial center of the country where «money-making» is the main law of life. New York is the symbol of capitalism and its Wall Street has become a nickname for big monopolies all over the world.

One of the largest cities in the world New York extends for 36 miles from north to south and is situated at the mouth of the Hudson River. In the 18th century New York grew into the largest city of the USA. Now New York is a great sea-port, the leading textile and the financial center of the country. Manhattan Island (the central part of New York) with the Wall Street district is the heart of America's busi­ness and culture and the city of sky-scrapers. The highest of them is the 102-storey Empire State Building. In Manhattan at Broadway and 116 Street is campus of Columbia University, the biggest educational estab­lishment of New York, and near it are houses of Harlem. There is not one Harlem but three: Spanish, Italian and the Black Harlem. The Black Harlem is the most overcrowded and its shabby houses contrast with rich houses on Sugar Hill to the North, where the most prosperous people live.

It is a big modern city, with a heavy traffic. When you come to New York you can see lots of cars, big and small, black and yellow, old and modern; you don't see any trees or flowers in the streets, but only you can see and hear advertisements everywhere. There is no getting away from them. Advertisements fill the newspapers and cover the walls, they are shouted through loud speakers and shown in the cinemas.

Subway (the metro is called «subway» in America) provides the cheapest and fastest way to travel.

The population of New York is about 9 million people (together with the suburbs — 12 million people). It is really a very large city — a city of many districts where not only big businessmen, but millions of workers live.

In New York five people out of every eight are foreigners or children of foreigners. Every day, 67 foreign-language papers are published here. If you are crossing New York City by subway, look at the newspapers other people  around read.

New York is the city of contrasts. It’s  business city which dies each day at five o’clock; pleasure city with bars and cinemas and crowds of people during the night; middle-class city with elegant streets, lighting, neatly painted doors, and the poorest and the dirtiest city.

The police force employs 25,000 officers but still the crime record is very high in New York. 

II.Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What kind of city is New York?

2. Where is New York situated?

3. What is the central part of the city?

4. What is the highest building  in New York?

5. What is the biggest educational establishment in New York?

6. What is one of the peculiarities of the city?

7. What is the population of the city?

8. Is New York a multinational city?

9. How is the metro called in America?

10.  Why is New York called the city of contrasts?

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкцияTHERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.  Выпишете из текста числительные и напишите их прописью.

V.  Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых прилагательные или наречия стоят в сравнительной или превосходной степени.  Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI.  Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения  с причастием настоящего времени (Participle I) и причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, определите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них  устно. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What is your name?

2. How old are you?

3. Are you married?

4. Have you any children?

5. What is you hobby?

6. Where do you study?

7. What year student are you?

8. What subjects do you study?

9. When was the city of Nizhny Novgorod founded?

10. Where is it situated?

11. What are the most important industries of Nizhny Novgorod?

12. What places of interest do you know?

13. What countries constitute the UK?

14. What kind of state is the UK?

15. What chambers does Parliament consist of?

16. When was the Constitution of the USA adopted?

17. What are the branches of the Government of the USA?

18. What branch of the Government does the President head?

19. How is the judicial system of Great Britain organized?

20. What is at the top of the pyramid?

21. What kind of court is the Court of Appeal?

22. What courts are on the civil side?

23. What courts try criminal cases?

24. What is the highest judicial organ of the USA?

25. How many judicial circuits are there in the USA?

26. What are the lowest courts in the USA?

27. Under whose responsibility are the usual militia tasks carried out?

28. Has the Ministry of Internal Affairs its own armed forces?

29. What do the duties of militia concern?

30. In what sections are the militia departments organized?

X. Напишите краткий  рассказ о себе, своей семье, учёбе.

 

Вариант № 4

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

WASHINGTON, D. C

There are two Washingtons in the USA. First Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, the state named after George Washington, the first President of the United States. The state capital is Olympia, and the largest city is Seattle. The second Washington is the capital of the United States of America. It is located in the District of Columbia. The district is named in honour of Columbus, the discoverer of America. Washington is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The capital owes a great deal to the first President, George Washington.

It was Washington who selected the site for the District and laid the cornerstone of the Capitol Building, where Congress meets. It is not the largest city in the US. It cannot be compared in size with cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit and Los Angeles. In the political sense, however, it is the centre of the republic and the most important city in the United States

Washington was founded in 1791 for the purpose of serving as the capital of the United States of America. Many people consider Washington to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. There are many parks, wide streets and impressive buildings. In the centre of the city, there is Capitol Park, where visitors' eyes focus on the Capitol, the home of American Congress.

Many visitors come to Washington to see the White House. It is the oldest public structure in the capital, built in 1799. The White House is the official residence of the President of the United States.

Other landmarks of Washington are memorials, dedicated to three American Presidents. They are the Washington Memorial, built in honour of the first American President, the Lincoln Memorial, which is devoted to the memory of the sixteenth President of the USA, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation and the Jefferson Memorial which was built in honour of the third President of the USA, who was the author of the Declaration of Independence.

The Library of Congress, which holds five million books, the National Gallery of Art, the Capitol are very famous and interesting sightseeings of Washington.  If you are interested in the law-making centre of the country you must go to the Capitol, with its great House of Represent­atives and Senate Chamber.

The Capitol is located in the very centre of Washington, not far from the Library of Congress. It is situated on the Capitol Hill, the highest point of the city. The Capitol is the highest building in Washington. There is a law in Washington not to build buildings higher than the Capitol. George Washington laid the corner stone of the Capitol on September 18, 1793. The Capitol is the home of the United States government.

II . Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What is the capital of state Washington?

2. What is the capital of the USA?

3. Where is Washington D.C. situated?

4. When was Washington D.C. founded?

5. What is the oldest public structure in the capital?

6. Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence?

7. What is the law-making centre of the country?

8. What Houses does the Congress consist of?

9. Where is the Capitol situated?

10. What law is there in Washington concerning the Capitol?

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкцияTHERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.  Выпишете из текста числительные и напишите их прописью.

V.  Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых прилагательные или наречия стоят в сравнительной или превосходной степени.  Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI.  Выпишете  из текста предложения с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения с причастием настоящего времени (Participle I) и причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, определите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них устно. Вопросы и ответы переведите письменно.

1. What is your name?

2. How old are you?

3. Are you married?

4. Have you any children?

5. What is you hobby?

6. Where do you study?

7. What year student are you?

8. What subjects do you study?

9. When was the city of Nizhny Novgorod founded?

10. Where is it situated?

11. What are the most important industries of Nizhny Novgorod?

12. What places of interest do you know?

13. What countries constitute the UK?

14. What kind of state is the UK?

15. What chambers does Parliament consist of?

16. When was the Constitution of the USA adopted?

17. What are the branches of the Government of the USA?

18. What branch of the Government does the President head?

19. How is the judicial system of Great Britain organized?

20. What is at the top of the pyramid?

21. What kind of court is the Court of Appeal?

22. What courts are on the civil side?

23. What courts try criminal cases?

24. What is the highest judicial organ of the USA?

25. How many judicial circuits are there in the USA?

26. What are the lowest courts in the USA?

27. Under whose responsibility are the usual militia tasks carried out?

28. Has the Ministry of Internal Affairs its own armed forces?

29. What do the duties of militia concern?

30. In what sections are the militia departments organized?

X. Напишите краткий  рассказ о себе, своей семье, учёбе.





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