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НА МВД, английский язык (контрольная работа №3)
22.10.2016, 18:57

Вариант №1

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

Europol

Nowadays, there are no boundaries for organized criminal groups. Be­cause of modern technology and enormous resources, these groups are illegally active worldwide. In fact, organized crime represents a threat to the structure and values of our democratic systems affecting European citizens' security and freedom.

Europol was established as the European Union law enforcement organization that handles criminal intelligence. It is to improve the effectiveness and cooperation between the competent authorities of the Member States in preventing and combatting serious international organized crime and terrorism. The mission of Europol is to make a significant contribution to the European Union's law enforcement action against crime with an emphasis on targeting criminal organizations.

Europol (the name is a contraction of European Police Office) is the European Union's criminal intelligence agency. The agency started limited operations on January 3, 1994, as the Europol Drugs Unit (EDU). In 1998 the Europol Convention was ratified by all the member states and came into force in October. Europol became fully operational on July 1, 1999.

It is a support service for the law enforcement agencies of the EU member states. Europol has no executive powers. This means that Europol officials are not entitled to conduct investigations in the member states and may not arrest suspects. For Europol to contribute to the executive measures which are carried out by the relevant national authorities it provides support with its tools – information exchange, intelligence analysis, expertise and training.

All the states consider Europol to be a multi-disciplinary agency, comprising not only regular police officers but staff members from the member states’ law enforcement agencies: customs, immigration services, border and financial police, etc. Europol helps to overcome the language barriers in international police cooperation. Any law en­forcement officer from a member state can address a request to their Europol National Unit (ENU) in her / his mother tongue and receive the answer back in this language.

Three different levels of cooperation are possible: the first one is technical cooperation. The next step is strategic cooperation aimed at exchanging general trends in organized crime and how to fight it. The top level of cooperation includes the exchange of personal data and requires the fulfillment of Europol’s standards in the field of data protection and data security.

II. Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами и их заменителями. Подчеркните выражение модальности. Предложения переведите письменно.

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, укажите его видо - временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.Выпишете из текста предложения с инфинитивом в функции обстоятельства цели, инфинитив подчеркните.  Предложения переведите письменно.

V. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть сложное дополнение или сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI. Выпишете из текста предложения с обстоятельством цели, выраженным инфинитивным комплексом с предлогом FOR. Подчеркните его. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкция THERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите.

VIII. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. When was Europol established?

2. What was Europol established for?

3. What is the mission of Europol?

4. What does the word EUROPOL mean?

5. When did the Europol Convention come into force?

6. Does Europol have executive powers?

7. In what way does Europol provide support to the EU member states?

8. What law enforcement agencies does Europol comprise?

9. What language do the officers of Europol cooperate in?

10.What are the levels of cooperation?

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них устно. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. What are the steps of the criminal justice in the USA?

2. In what cases may an arrest be made without a warrant?

3. What is a felony?

4. What is the punishment for a misdemeanor?

5. May the suspect be released without being prosecuted? In what cases?

6. What does booking include?

7. Where does booking take place?

8. In what cases are summary trials held?

9. What is the purpose of preliminary hearing?

10. Who files formal charges against defendants?

11. What phases is the investigation usually divided into?

12. Are the three phases necessarily separated in time?

13. What does the identification of the criminal mean?

14. In what way is the identity of the criminal ordinarily discovered?

15. What does primarily the problem lie in if the criminal is unknown?

16. What must be done to prove the guilt of the accused?

17. What are the most important phases of a criminal investigation?

18. Why should an officer keep in mind that any article on the crime scene should be handled with great care?

19. What does the term «chain of evidence» define?

20. What types of evidence do you know?

21. What is physical evidence?

22. In what way is circumstantial evidence different from physical evidence?

23. What is the first responsibility of an officer at a crime scene?

24. What is the aim of preliminary investigation?

25. What is our militia created for?

26. How did the militia work during the history of its existence?

27. What is the aim of militia's activity?

28. What departments is militia composed of?

29. What is the main responsibility of the Criminal Detection Department?

30. What are the duties of the officers of the Criminal Investigation Department?

31. When was Interpol founded?

32. What are the tasks of Interpol?

33. What are the main bodies of Interpol?

34. Where is the General Secretariat located?

35. Whom do we call a white-collar criminal?

36. Who was the first to call public attention to the problem of white-collar crime?

37. What forms of whit-collar criminality do you know?

 

Вариант №2

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

Investigation

"Any person accused of committing a crime shall be considered innocent until his (her) guilt is proved in accordance with the  procedure stipulated by federal law and is confirmed  by a court sentence which has entered into legal force." (Article 49 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation)

The investigator and the court base their conclusions concerning the guilt of the accused upon the verification and assessment of the evidence. Evidence in a criminal case must be facts, on the basis of which the investigator and the court establish, in accordance with the law, the existence or absence of a socially dangerous act, the guilt of the person committing the act, and other circumstances of importance in making a correct decision in the case.

The investigator, the police, the prosecutor and the court must establish the facts in the case from the testimony of witnesses, the injured parties, suspects, accused, the opinions of experts, physical evidence, the records of the investigation and court proceedings, and other documents.

The investigator, having received information that a crime has been com­mitted, inquires as to the persons who may be of help to him in establishing the circumstances of the case, and summons them as witnesses. To obtain physical evidence the investigator searches a crime scene. He requests written documents from state establishments and persons in office.

For the evidence collected by the investigator to be valid in court it must be presented in the form of records of the interrogation, crime scene search, etc. The law requires all documents of investigation to be  signed  by witnesses, the investigator, and other participants in the cases, and to be without erasures , alterations, etc.

The collection of evidence before the trial is performed in the preliminary investigation. In more complicated cases the investigation is supposed to be carried out by the investigators, and otherwise by the police. To obtain evidence, the investigator takes steps to find eyewitnesses of the crime, to obtain physical evidence, etc.

The testimony of witnesses is a type of evidence. A witness is a person who knows facts relevant to a criminal case. Upon receiving the summons, a witness must appear before the investigator or in court. If he fails  to appear  without good reason, he may be forced to by the police  and  he  is criminally responsible for failure to appear. It is the duty of a witness to give all information at his disposal concerning the case and the accused.

The indictment is the culminating stage of the investigation.

II. Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами и их заменителями. Подчеркните выражение модальности. Предложения переведите письменно.

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, укажите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.Выпишете из текста предложения с инфинитивом в функции обстоятельства цели, инфинитив подчеркните.  Предложения переведите письменно.

V. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть сложное дополнение или сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI. Выпишете из текста предложения с обстоятельством цели, выраженным инфинитивным комплексом с предлогом FOR. Подчеркните его. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкция THERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. What do the court and the investigator  base their conclusion upon?

2. In what way must the investigator, the police, the prosecutor and thecourt establish the facts?

3. What should the investigator do after having received the information that a crime has been committed?

4. Where does the investigator request written document from?

5. What are the requirements to all documents of investigation?

6. When is the collection of evidence performed?

7. What should the investigator do to obtain evidence?

8. Whom do we call a witness?

9. Must a witness appear before a court?

10.What is the duty of a witness?

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них устно. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно. 

1. What are the steps of the criminal justice in the USA?

2. In what cases may an arrest be made without a warrant?

3. What is a felony?

4. What is the punishment for a misdemeanor?

5. May the suspect be released without being prosecuted? In what cases?

6. What does booking include?

7. Where does booking take place?

8. In what cases are summary trials held?

9. What is the purpose of preliminary hearing?

10. Who files formal charges against defendants?

11. What phases is the investigation usually divided into?

12. Are the three phases necessarily separated in time?

13. What does the identification of the criminal mean?

14. In what way is the identity of the criminal ordinarily discovered?

15. What does primarily the problem lie in if the criminal is unknown?

16. What must be done to prove the guilt of the accused?

17. What are the most important phases of a criminal investigation?

18. Why should an officer keep in mind that any article on the crime scene should be handled with great care?

19. What does the term «chain of evidence» define?

20. What types of evidence do you know?

21. What is physical evidence?

22. In what way is circumstantial evidence different from physical evidence?

23. What is the first responsibility of an officer at a crime scene?

24. What is the aim of preliminary investigation?

25. What is our militia created for?

26. How did the militia work during the history of its existence?

27. What is the aim of militia's activity?

28. What departments is militia composed of?

29. What is the main responsibility of the Criminal Detection Department?

30. What are the duties of the officers of the Criminal Investigation Department?

31. When was Interpol founded?

32. What are the tasks of Interpol?

33. What are the main bodies of Interpol?

34. Where is the General Secretariat located?

35. Whom do we call a white-collar criminal?

36. Who was the first to call public attention to the problem of white-collar crime?

37. What forms of whit-collar criminality do you know?

 

Вариант №3

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

THE WORK OF THE FBI

There are  basic components that must provide the effective work of the Bureau. They are Identification Division, the FBI Laboratory, Training Division, and Special Investigation Division.

Identification Division. The largest collection of fingerprints in the world is maintained in the Identification Division of the FBI. In 1924 the Identification Division of the FBI was established by act of Congress. More than 800,000 fingerprints were forwarded to it from the Bureau of Criminal Identification (established at Chicago by the International Association of Chiefs of Police), to form the present collection, which in 1969 numbered 191 million, representing more than 83 million persons.

The value of these records, the world's largest fingerprint repository, is incalculable, for fingerprints offer the best means of positive personal identification.

Laboratory Division. The FBI Laboratory is the greatest criminological laboratory in the world. During the first 35 years of its existence, this laboratory made approximately 4,000,000 scientific examinations. Today, this laboratory is a large complex of scientific equipment and highly qualified specialists.

There are over 100 Special Agents with specialized training in different scientific fields. Many crimes are solved with the help of laboratory examination. In many cases laboratory examinations were able to prove innocence of the suspect.

Training Division. All FBI agents are trained at facilities in Washington, D.C., and at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. To be enrolled into the Academy any U.S.citizen must be 23 to 34 years of age who is a graduate of a law school, or who is a graduate or a resident of a four-year college dealing with accounting or physical science, or who is fluent in a language for which the bureau has a need, or who has three years of other specialized experience. Law enforcement arts and sciencies are taught, the greater emphasis is placed on those practical skills and techniques demanded by day-to-day investigations.

Special Investigation Division. Organized crime is a lawless empire making money from gambling, narcotics, prostitution, extortion, etc. For years organized crime operated behind a impenetrable wall built on fear, bribery, and force.

For the criminals to be found and brought to justice FBI officers are devoting their full efforts  to fulfill their duties properly. Their aim is to collect evidence for it. Cooperation is very important in the fight against organized crime.

The Bureau expects FBI officers to work in close cooperation with state and local enforcement agencies.

II. Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами и их заменителями. Подчеркните выражение модальности. Предложения переведите письменно.

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, укажите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.Выпишете из текста предложения с инфинитивом в функции обстоятельства цели, инфинитив подчеркните.  Предложения переведите письменно.

V. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть сложное дополнение или сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI. Выпишете из текста предложения с обстоятельством цели, выраженным инфинитивным комплексом с предлогом FOR. Подчеркните его. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкция THERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. What are the basic divisions of the FBI?

2. When was the Identification Division established?

3. What was it established for?

4. Why are fingerprints so valuable?

5. What is Laboratory Division established for?

6. Where are all the FBI agents trained?

7. What is taught at the FBI Academy?

8. What crimes does Special Investigation Division deal with?

9. What are the aims of this division?

10. What is important in the fight against organized crime?

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них устно. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. What are the steps of the criminal justice in the USA?

2. In what cases may an arrest be made without a warrant?

3. What is a felony?

4. What is the punishment for a misdemeanor?

5. May the suspect be released without being prosecuted? In what cases?

6. What does booking include?

7. Where does booking take place?

8. In what cases are summary trials held?

9. What is the purpose of preliminary hearing?

10. Who files formal charges against defendants?

11. What phases is the investigation usually divided into?

12. Are the three phases necessarily separated in time?

13. What does the identification of the criminal mean?

14. In what way is the identity of the criminal ordinarily discovered?

15. What does primarily the problem lie in if the criminal is unknown?

16. What must be done to prove the guilt of the accused?

17. What are the most important phases of a criminal investigation?

18. Why should an officer keep in mind that any article on the crime scene should be handled with great care?

19. What does the term «chain of evidence» define?

20. What types of evidence do you know?

21. What is physical evidence?

22. In what way is circumstantial evidence different from physical evidence?

23. What is the first responsibility of an officer at a crime scene?

24. What is the aim of preliminary investigation?

25. What is our militia created for?

26. How did the militia work during the history of its existence?

27. What is the aim of militia's activity?

28. What departments is militia composed of?

29. What is the main responsibility of the Criminal Detection Department?

30. What are the duties of the officers of the Criminal Investigation Department?

31. When was Interpol founded?

32. What are the tasks of Interpol?

33. What are the main bodies of Interpol?

34. Where is the General Secretariat located?

35. Whom do we call a white-collar criminal?

36. Who was the first to call public attention to the problem of white-collar crime?

37. What forms of whit-collar criminality do you know?

 

Вариант №4

I. Прочтите текст и будьте готовы выполнить задания.

The Trial and Presentation of Evidence

A criminal trial is not significantly different from a civil trial. Your case will be tried before a jury, and the first problem for your attorney will be to see to it that the jurors are not prejudiced or biased.

Your attorney will of course question the jurors as to their attitude toward narcotics, or the mere possession of narcotics,

After the jury has been selected, the prosecutor will make an opening. He must be expected to dwell on the evils of narcotics and the importance to the public of firm and severe treatment of narcotics offenders. Your lawyer is considered to follow with a statement of  your defense stressing that there is no evidence whatever directly linking you with the narcotics traffic and that you have never used narcotics or even handled them in any way.

As soon as the prosecutor offers the paper bag in evidence, therefore, your lawyer should file a motion with the court to suppress the evidence on the ground  that is was illegally obtained and that its admission as evidence deprives you of your constitutional rights.  For the legal arguments on the point to be submitted before the trial, the judge should turn to your lawyer and the prosecutor with such a request.

Even if the judge denies your lawyer's motion your lawyer will "take an exception" to the judge's ruling, which makes that ruling reviewable by an appellate or higher court.

If your lawyer's motion is denied, the prosecutor will put the policeman who arrested you on the witness stand and examine him directly

The policeman will tell the whole story in a manner most harmful or prejudicial to you. Your lawyer then has the opportunity to cross-examine the policeman. For your lawyer to discredit the reasons the policeman had he should do everything he can.

When the prosecution has finished presenting its case and your lawyer has completed his cross-examination of prosecution witnesses, he will normally move that the case against you be dismissed. If the judge denies the motion, as is usually the case, your lawyer will proceed to present the case for the defense.

At the end of the trial, it is customary for the prosecutor to sum up his case  to the jury and for your lawyer to make a closing statement on your behalf. He may want to point out to the jury that nothing the prosecution has said or charged directly connects you with the narcotics found in the automobile you have borrowed. There is almost certainly a missing link in the case.

II. Выпишете из текста предложения с модальными глаголами и их заменителями. Подчеркните выражение модальности. Предложения переведите письменно.

III.Выпишете из текста предложения, сказуемое которых стоит в страдательном залоге. Сказуемое подчеркните, укажите его видо-временную форму. Предложения переведите письменно.

IV.Выпишете из текста предложения с инфинитивом в функции обстоятельства цели, инфинитив подчеркните.  Предложения переведите письменно.

V. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть сложное дополнение или сложное подлежащее. Подчеркните их. Предложения переведите письменно.

VI. Выпишете из текста предложения с обстоятельством цели, выраженным инфинитивным комплексом с предлогом FOR. Подчеркните его. Предложения переведите письменно.

VII. Выпишете из текста предложения, в которых есть конструкция THERE+BE. Подчеркните ее. Предложения переведите письменно.

VIII. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по содержанию текста. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. Is a criminal trial significantly different from a civil trial?

2. What is the first problem for your attorney?

3. What will your attorney question the jurors?

4. When will the prosecutor make an opening?

5. What will your lawyer do even if the judge denies your lawyer’s motion?

6. What will the prosecutor do if your lawyer’s motion is denied?

7. When does your lawyer have the opportunity to cross-examine the policeman?

8. When will your lawyer proceed to present the case for the defence?

9. What does the prosecutor usually do at the end of the trial?

10.What is a missing link in the case?

IX. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы и будьте готовы ответить на них устно. Вопрос и ответ переведите на русский язык письменно.

1. What are the steps of the criminal justice in the USA?

2. In what cases may an arrest be made without a warrant?

3. What is a felony?

4. What is the punishment for a misdemeanor?

5. May the suspect be released without being prosecuted? In what cases?

6. What does booking include?

7. Where does booking take place?

8. In what cases are summary trials held?

9. What is the purpose of preliminary hearing?

10. Who files formal charges against defendants?

11. What phases is the investigation usually divided into?

12. Are the three phases necessarily separated in time?

13. What does the identification of the criminal mean?

14. In what way is the identity of the criminal ordinarily discovered?

15. What does primarily the problem lie in if the criminal is unknown?

16. What must be done to prove the guilt of the accused?

17. What are the most important phases of a criminal investigation?

18. Why should an officer keep in mind that any article on the crime scene should be handled with great care?

19. What does the term «chain of evidence» define?

20. What types of evidence do you know?

21. What is physical evidence?

22. In what way is circumstantial evidence different from physical evidence?

23. What is the first responsibility of an officer at a crime scene?

24. What is the aim of preliminary investigation?

25. What is our militia created for?

26. How did the militia work during the history of its existence?

27. What is the aim of militia's activity?

28. What departments is militia composed of?

29. What is the main responsibility of the Criminal Detection Department?

30. What are the duties of the officers of the Criminal Investigation Department?

31. When was Interpol founded?

32. What are the tasks of Interpol?

33. What are the main bodies of Interpol?

34. Where is the General Secretariat located?

35. Whom do we call a white-collar criminal?

36. Who was the first to call public attention to the problem of white-collar crime?

37. What forms of whit-collar criminality do you know?





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