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БЭК, английский язык (контрольная работа №1)
11.05.2016, 10:48

Номер варианта контрольных заданий соответствует последней цифре номера зачетной книжки.

Контрольная работа должна содержать следующие элементы: титульный лист, номер зачетной книжки, ответы на контрольные задания.

КОНТРОЛЬНЫЕ ЗАДАНИЯ

1 год обучения

Вариант №1

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо

1. Last week I read … very interesting book.

2. This is … good book. Take … book from the table.

3. We eat … cake with … tea.

4. Nick went into his … bathroom.

5. My sister has two … children.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных

Bad, dirty, neat, modern, new.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы следующих глаголов:

Live, take, go, visit, speak.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … a lot of toys on the counters of this shop.

2. … … many concert halls in your city?

3. There … little tea in the cup.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Give … (I, me) … (you, your, yours) book, please.

2. … (I, my) relatives will be glad to see … (he, him, his).

3. Is it … (your, yours) exercise-book or … (my, mine)?

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. Sometimes we … to the theatre on Sundays (to go).

2. We … … different problems at the lesson tomorrow (to discuss).

3. She ... just … from Moscow (to return).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RUSSIA)

Russia is one of the largest countries in the world. It occupies about one-seventh part of dry land. It is situated in Europe and Asia. Its total area is over 17 million square kilometres.

The country is washed by seas and oceans.

There are different types of climate on the territory of the country. It is very cold in the North, even in summer. The central part of the country has mild climate: winters are cold, springs and autumns are warm or cool, summers are hot and warm. In the South the temperature is usually above zero all year round, even in winter. Summer is really hot, the climate is very favourable. The climate of Siberia is continental: summers are hot and dry, winters are very cold.

Some parts of our country are covered with mountains and hills.

There are many rivers in Russia, the longest rivers are the Volga in Europe and the Yenisei and the Ob in Asia. The deepest lakes are the Baikal and the Ladoga.

The Russian Federation is very rich in mineral resources, such as oil, natural gas, coal, iron, gold and others.

Russia borders on many countries. Among them are Estonia, Latvia, Finland, Poland, China, Mongolia, Korea.

Moscow is the capital of our country. It was founded in 1147. It is a nice city. There are many sights in Moscow. You can see many museums, art galleries, theatres, churches and monuments in our capital. People of our country are proud of the Moscow Kremlin. There are also many big beautiful cities in Russia.

The population of Russia is about 150 million people. 83 per cent of the population are Russians. 70 per cent of the population live in cities.

WОRDS

occupy - занимать

climate - климат

temperature - температура

rich - богатый

percent - процент

coal - уголь

iron - железо

lake - озеро

deep - глубокий

sights - достопримечательности

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Is the Russian Federation one of the largest countries in the world?

2. Where is the Russian Federation situated?

3. What kind of climate is there in the country?

4. What do you know about the climate in the south of the country?

5. How many rivers are there in Russia?

 

Вариант №2

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. Last summer we lived in … country.

2. This is … nice house. I like … house very much.

3. Do you like … ice-cream?

4. She turned on the water and washed her … hands.

5. I have two … sisters.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных:

Bad, dirty, neat, modern, new.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы следующих глаголов:

Live, take, go, visit, speak.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. … … many drawings in this book?

2. There … a lot of time.

3. It was raining and there … few people in the street.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Sometimes we visit … (our, ours) friends on Sunday.

2. Are there any good sportsmen at … (your, yours) college?

3. … (My, mine) pencil is bad. Could you give me … (your, yours)?

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. Listen! Nick … … for you over there (to wait).

2. He usually … English newspapers in the evenings (to read).

3. They … … a very interesting film recently (to see).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

WASHINGTON (1)

Washington, the capital of the United States of America, is situated оn the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The district is а piece of land ten miles square and it does not belong to аnу separate state but to all the states. The district is named in honour of Columbus, the discoverer of America.

The capital owes much to the first President оf the USA-George Washington. It was G. Washington, who chose the place for the District and laid in 1790 the corner-stone оf the Capitol, where Congress sits.

Washington is not the largest city in the USA. It has а population of 900 000 people. Washington is а one-industry town. That industry is government. It does not produce anything except very much scrap paper. Every day 25 railway cars leave Washington loaded with scrap paper.

Washington has many historical places. The largest and tallest among the buildings is the Capitol with its great House оf Representatives and the Senate chamber. There аге nо skyscrapers in Washington because nо other building must be taller than the Capitol.

The White House is the-President's residence. All American presidents except George Washington (the White House was not yet built in his time), have lived in the White House. It was built in 1799. It is а two-storied, white building.

Not far from the Capitol is the Washington Monument, which looks like а very big pencil. It rises 160 metres and is hollow inside. А special lift brings visitors to the top in 70 seconds from where they саn enjoy, а wonderful view of the whole city.

The Jefferson Memorial was built in memory of the third President of the USA, Thomas Jefferson, who was also the author of the Declaration of Independence. The memorial is surrounded bу cherry-trees.

The Lincoln Memorial is devoted to the memory of the 16th President of the US, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation, which gave freedom to Negro slaves in America.

On the other bank of the Potomac lies the Arlington Na tional Cemetery where President Kennedy was buried. American soldiers and officers, who died in World Wars I and II are buried there too.

WORDS:

separate – отдельный

to bе named in honour –быть названным в честь

except – кроме, за исключением

scrap paper – макулатура

hollow – полный, пустой

to enjoy a wonderful view of – наслаждаться чудесным видом

cherry-trees – вишни

on the other bank – на другом берегу

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What сitу is the capital of the USA?

2. Where is Washington situated?

3. То which state does the city of Washington belong?

4. In whose honour is the district of Columbia named?

5. Who was the first President of the USA?

 

Вариант №3

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. She likes … bread very much.

2. This is … student. … student studies at our college.

3. We eat … cake with ... coffee.

4. The students left their … college last year.

5. They have two … cats.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных.

Cold, little, possible, expensive, big.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Write, live, see, help, find.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … no fish for supper, will you, please, buy some in the shop.

2. There … few rainy days last summer.

3. … there many students at the English lesson now?

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Let me introduce … (you, your, yours) to … (me, my, mine)

family.

2. … (He, his) brother knows … (them, they, theirs) very well.

3. This is not … (my, mine) pencil. … (My, mine) is blue.

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. Sorry. He could not ring you up yesterday. He … very busy

(to be).

2. They … just … our letter (to get).

3. I … … you a nice toy tomorrow (to buy).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

LONDON

London is the capital of Great Britain. It is a very old city. It is two thousand years old. London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a huge port.

London is situated upon both banks of the Thames. There are 17 bridges across the river.

The population of London is about 9 million people.

London has got there parts: the City of London, the West End, the East End.

The City of London is the oldest part of London. You can see narrow streets and pavements there. There are many offices, firms and banks in this part of London. The city of London is the financial centre of the United Kingdom.

The West End is the centre of London. There are many sights in the West End. There are, for example, the Houses of Parliament with Big Ben. It is interesting that the clock Big Ben came into service in 1859. Big Ben is the biggest clock bell in Britain. It weighs 13.5 tons.

The other interesting place is Westminster Abbey, which was founded in 1050. It is situated in the centre of London. Many great Englishmen were buried in the Abbey: Newton, Darvin and others.

The official London residence of the Queen is Buckingham Palace. It was built in the 18th century.

There are many nice squares in London. Trafalgar Square is one of them and it is in the centre of the West End. One can see a statue of Lord Nelson in the middle of this square. There are many museums, libraries and galleries in London. The Tate Gallery is one of the well-known galleries in London. Henry Tate was a sugar manufacturer. He was fond of paintings and collected many pictures.

The British Museum is a very interesting place in London. It was founded in 1753. The library of this museum has a lot of books.

The East End of London is the district for the working people. There are many factories, workshops, docks there.

There are many cars and buses in London. There is a tube (an underground) in London, too. It is a nice one.

One can say that the City is the money of London, the West End is the goods of London, the East End is the hands of London.

WORDS

bury – хоронить

population – население

pavement – тротуар

huge – огромный

the Thames – река Темза

ton – тонна

the Houses of Parliament – здание парламента

workshop – мастерская, цех

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is the capital of Great Britain?

2. What do you know about the population of Great Britain?

3. Are there any beautiful parks in London?

4. What are three main parts of London?

5. What kind of interesting places are there in London?

 

Вариант №4

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. This is … pen. … pen is red.

2. In … morning I eat … sandwich.

3. She likes … tea.

4. I have two … sisters.

5. He opened the door and entered his … bathroom.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степень прилагательных.

Large, long, difficult, many, old.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Look, watch, show, make, do.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … good sportsmen in our college.

2. How many mistakes … … in your test?

3. There … few sunny days last summer.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Monday is a hard day for … (my, I, me).

2. Most of … (our, ours) students don’t live with … (they, their, theirs) parents.

3. … (My, mine) flat is bigger than … (her, hers).

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. My younger brother is a student too and he … well at his studies (to do).

2. Look! Sam … … a sentence on the blackboard (to write).

3. When I was a child I often … leap-frog (to play)

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

WASHINGTON D.C

Washington is the capital of the United States of America. It is located in the District of Columbia. The district is named in honour of Columbus, the discoverer of America.

Washington was founded in 1791 for the purpose of serving as the capital of the United States of America. Many people consider Washington to bе оnе of the most beautiful cities in the world. There are manу parks, wide streets and impressive buildings in it. In the centre of the city there is the Capitol Park, where visitors eyes focus оn the Capitol, the home of American Congress.

Manу visitors соmе to Washington D.C. to see the White House. It is the oldest public structure in the capital, built in 1799. The White House is the official residence of the President of the United States. It is situated at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. There are more than hundred rooms in the White House. The largest room in this building is the East Room, the scene of mаnу state receptions and dances. Other famous rooms are: the Green Room, the Blue Room, the Red Room, which are used for afternoon tea and for receptions held before state dinners. The Blue Room, the most formal among all «colours» room is аn oval-shaped room connecting the Green and the Red Rooms. On the second floor, one can find the Lincoln Room, which once served as an office for President Lincoln but today it serves as an honour guest's room. In this room, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which gave freedom to black slaves in the States.

Other landmarks of Washington are memorials, dedicated to three American Presidents. They are the Washington Memorial, built in honour of the first American President, the Lincoln Memorial, which is devoted to the memory of the sixteenth President of the USA, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation and the Jefferson Memorial which was built in honour of the third President of the USA, who was the author of the Declaration of Independence.

The Library of Congress, which holds five million books, the National Gallery of Art, the Capitol are also the famous sightseeing’s of Washington.

The Capitol is located in the very centre of Washington, not far from the Library of Congress. It is situated оn the Capitol Hill, the highest point of the city. The Capitol is the highest building in Washington. There is а law in Washington not to build buildings higher than the Capitol. George Washington laid the corner stone of the Capitol оf September 18, 1793. The Capitol is the home of the United States government.

WORDS

to bе located, to bе situated – быть расположенным

in honour of – в честь

to found – основать

to consider – считать, полагать

impressive – впечатляющий

state reception – государственный прием

slave – раб

to devote – посвящать

sightseeings – достопримечательности

government – правительство

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Where is Washington located?

2. When was the city founded?

3. Why do manу people consider Washington to bе one of the most beautiful cities in the world?

4. How mаnу rooms are there in the White House?

5. What are the famous rooms?

 

Вариант №5

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. Have they got … car?

2. She has … ball. … ball is … big.

3. He prefers … coffee.

4. My … sisters are students.

5. I’d like to buy two … cakes.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степень прилагательных.

Small, happy, beautiful, long, short.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Inform, build, invite, see, stand.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. … … many students at the party yesterday?

2. There … also several kitchen units (полки) in my kitchen.

3. Give me some salt, please. There … little salt in the soup.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. I get up at 7 o’clock, wash … (me, my, mine) face and have breakfast.

2. Aunt Helen often comes and stays with … (us, our, we).

3. Is this … (your, yours) house or … (their, theirs)?

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. Last month our team … basketball and they … the game (to play, to win).

2. My grandparents … … with us for one week next summer (to stay).

3. I can’t go with you. I … … my mother to clean the house now (to help).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

The United Kingdom is situated in the north-west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and north-west and the North Sea on the east.

The U.K. includes Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Great Britain, the largest island in Europe, contains England, Scotland and Wales.

The United Kingdom has an area of 94.249 square miles. The capital of the country is London. English is the official language.

The population of the U.K. is nearly 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs. Four out of every five people live in towns. Over 46 million people live in England. Over 3 million — in Wales. A little over 5 million — in Scotland. About 1.5 million — in Northern Ireland. London's population is over 7 million people. The British nation consists of the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. There are many people of all colours and races in the United Kingdom

The climate of Great Britain is mild. It is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and in spring. Snow falls only in the North and West of the country. The surface of England and Ireland is flat, but Scotland and Wales are mountainous. Many parts of the country have beautiful villages. There are many rivers in Great Britain. The main river is the Thames. Many ships and barges go up and down the river. The longest river is Severn. It is 350 kilometers long.

There are many universities, colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the country. The most famous universities are Cambridge University, Oxford University, Glasgow University.

The U.К. is a parliamentary monarchy. The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the head of the government. The main political parties of Great Britain are the Labour Party, the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party. The Communist Party of Great Britain was founded in 1920.

The United Kingdom has some mineral resources. Coal and oil are the most important of them. The United Kingdom is one of the world's most industrialized countries. The main industrial centres are Sheffield, Birmingham and Manchester. The largest cities of the country are London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Manchester, Glasgow, Belfast, Dublin.

Agriculture takes an important sector in economy of the country. The British people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, oats.

WORDS

1 mile – 1609 метров

mild – мягкий

flat – плоский, ровный

monarchy – монархия

oats – овес (обыкновенно pl.)

the English – англичане

the Scots – шотландцы

the Welsh – уэльсцы, валлийцы

the Irish – ирландцы

barge – баржа

suburb – пригород, окраина

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Where is Great Britain situated?

2. What is the area of the United Kingdom?

3. What is the capital of the country?

4. What is the official language in England?

5. How many rivers are there in Great Britain?

 

Вариант №6

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. He hasn’t got … car but he has got … computer.

2. These are pencils, … pencils are black.

3. They like … fish.

4. My … brother is at home.

5. I want to buy five … flowers.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных:

Bad, dirty, important, few, small.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Like, take, tell, work, run.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … a little money on the table.

2. There … various sports associations in our college.

3. There … more students at our university last year.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Peter Brown and I saw … (he, him, his) and … (she, her) in the town yesterday.

2. They often come and stay with … (we, us).

3. They took … (our, ours) books and we took … (their, theirs).

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. Sasha is good at physics and he often … me (to help).

2. The students of our group … … examinations next month (to take).

3. I am busy now. I … … ready for my lessons (to get).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The USA is one of the largest countries in the world. It is situated in the central part of the North American continent. The area of the USA is over nine million square kilometres. It is washed by the Pacific Ocean and by the Atlantic Ocean.

The population of the United States is nearly 250 million people, most of the people live in towns.

People of different nationalities live in the USA.

There are a lot of rich people in the USA. But the life of most coloured people is very difficult. Some Americans live in poverty, many people can't get work.

The official language of the country is English. The capital of the country is Washington. It was named in honour of the first President, George Washington. As the USA is a large country, the climate is different in different regions of the country. For example, the Pacific coast is a region of mild winters and warm, dry summers, but the eastern continental region is watered with rainfall. The region around the Great Lakes has changeable weather.

There are many mountains in the USA. For example, the highest peak of the Cordilliers in the USA is 4418 metres.

The main river of the country is the Mississippi. But there are many other great rivers in the USA: the Colorado in the south and the Columbia in the north-west. There are five Great Lakes between the USA and Canada.

The USA produces more than 52 per cent of the worlds corn, wheat, cotton, tobacco.

There are many big cities in the country. They are Washington (the capital of the country), New York (the city of contrasts, financial and business centre of the USA), Boston (there are three universities in it), Chicago (one of the biggest industrial cities in the USA), San Francisco, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Detroit (one of the biggest centres of the automobile industry), Hollywood (the centre of the US film business).

The USA has an Academy of Sciences. There are many scientific institutions, museums, libraries, theatres and other interesting places in the country.

The USA is a highly developed industrial country. The USA is rich in mineral resources, such as aluminium, salt, zinc, coppers and others. The country is rich in coal, natural gas, gold and silver, too. It holds one of the first places in the world for the production of coal, iron, oil, natural gas.

Such industries as machine-building, ship-building are highly developed in the country.

American agriculture produces a lot of food products: grain, fruit, vegetables.

The USA is a federal republic, consisting of fifty states. Each of these states has its own government. Congress is the American parliament which consists of two Chambers.

The president is the head of the state and the government. He is elected for four years. There are two main political parties in the USA. They are the Democratic Party (was organized in the 1820s) and the Republican Party (was organized in the 1850s). The Communist Party of the USA was founded in Chicago in 1919.

WORDS

state – государство

government – правительство

elect – выбирать

iron – железо

corn – зерно

coal – уголь

peak – пик, вершина

resources – ресурсы, средства

copper – медь

coast – побережье

chamber – парламентская палата

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Is the USA one of the largest countries in the world?

2. What kind of area has the USA?

3. What do you know about the population of the United States of America?

4. The capital of the country is Washington, isn't it?

5. Are there many mountains in the country?

 

Вариант №7

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. Give me … chair, please.

2. This is … tree. … tree is green.

3. She gave us … coffee and … cake.

4. They have one … child.

5. The break lasts ten … minutes.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходные степени прилагательных.

Interesting, easy, far, wonderful, much.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Take, buy, walk, meet, invite.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. Next year … … … a new department store in our street.

2. There … a lot of people in the hall.

3. … … any roses in the garden?

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. I know we saw … (they, them) at the theatre.

2. Will you stay (гостить) with … (we, us) long?

3. That is not … (my, mine) book, … (my, mine) is new.

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. She … … dinner when her daughter phoned her (to cook).

2. Yesterday we … a long walk in the country (to have).

3. We … in the swimming pool every Saturday (to swim).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-governing federal state. It has got six states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queen’s land, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and two internal territories.

It is situated in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean.

The area of this country has got 7000 000 square kilometres. Australia is the largest island in the world and it is the smallest continent. The Dutch were the first Europeans to visit Australia. In 1770 the English captain James Cook discovered the east coast of Australia.

Nearly twenty million people live in Australia.

The capital of the country is Canberra. The city became the capital in 1927. Federal Government works in Canberra in the government buildings. It is interesting to know that there are no industrial plants in Canberra.

The population of Canberra is about 300 000 people.

There are many sights in the city. They are the building of the Australian academy of Sciences, the Australian National University and others. There are two big industrial cities in Australia: Sydney and Melbourne.

Australia's climate is dry and warm. Australia is situated in the southern hemisphere and that's why there is summer, when we have winter and there is winter, when we have summer. It is interesting to know that January is the hottest month in Australia.

Australia is separated from many countries. The animals in Australia have a lot of original, and they are interesting.

The dingo is one of Australia's wild animals. It is reddish, brown or yellow. The dingo is a wild dog, which kills other animals at night, sheep, for example. They can kill hens, chickens and small dogs.

You can see the kangaroo there. The kangaroo has got the pouch in which it carries her cub. There are many birds in the country too. One can see parrots and cockatoos. The emu is the most interesting bird in Australia. It is big and can't fly.

There are many rivers and lakes in the country.

Australia is an industrial country. It has coal, nickel, zinc, gold. Several factories and plants work in the country. Australia is one of the most important producers of metals and minerals. It exports wool production, meat, fruit, sugar.

The country is situated near the ocean. Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane are the ports of the country.

There are many universities, theatres and museums in Australia.

There are some political parties in Australia: the Liberal Party, the Labour Party and the Socialist Party of Australia.

WORDS

Commonwealth of Australia – Австралийский Союз

Pacific ocean – Тихий океан

Canberra – г.Канберра (столица Австралии)

hemisphere – полушарие

internal – внутренний

cub – детеныш

wild – дикий

sights – достопримечательности

pouch – мешочек, сумка

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Is Australia a big country?

2. Where is it situated?

3. What is the capital of Australia?

4. Are there any industrial plants in Canberra?

5. Are there any lakes in Australia?

 

Вариант №8

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. Show me … ticket, please.

2. These are … pencils. … pencils are black.

3. This is … soup. … soup is so tasty.

4. Where is your … brother now?

6. There are two … windows in the room.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных.

Comfortable, hard, many, young, far.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Think, take, discuss, sell, like.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … much information in this article.

2. There … little furniture in this flat.

3. There … few children in the library yesterday.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. All these magazines are … (my, mine)

2. They will take part (принимать участие) in … (our, ours) competition next week.

3. She keeps … (her, hers) money in the drawer.

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. They … … in a tennis competition next week (to take a part).

2. We … … at a restaurant now (to have dinner).

3. I know she … very much interested in biology (to be).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

GREAT BRITAIN (1)

The full name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and а great number of small islands. Their total area is over 314 000 sq. km.

The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south.

The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales (а mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the northern part of the island).

There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the Cheviots separate England from Scotland, the Pennies stretch down North England along its middle, the Cambrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. There is very little flat country except in the region known as East Anglia.

Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the deepest of the British rivers. Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Trent, Tyne, Clyde and Bristol Avon.

Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources, it has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.

The warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. Winters are not severely cold and summers are rarely hot.

The population of the United Kingdom is over 58 million people. The main nationalities are: English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish. In Great Britain there are а lots of immigrants from former British Asian and African colonies.

Great Britain is а highly industrialized country. New industries have been developed in the last three decades. The main industrial centers are London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool, Glasgow and Bristol.

The capital of the country is London. The United Kingdom is а parliamentary monarchy.

WORDS

isle – остров

island – остров

to separate – разделять

European – европейский

the English Channel – Ла - Манш

to bе washed by – омываться

to border on – граничить с…

to consist of – состоять из…

mountainous peninsula – гористый полуостров

to stretch – простираться

estuary – устье реки

deposits – залежи

iron ore – железная руда

to discover – обнаруживать

current – течение

severely – чрезвычайно

decade – десятилетие

monarchy – монархия

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Where is the United Kingdom situated?

2. What islands do the British Isles consist of?

3. What ocean and seas are the British Isles washed by?

4. How many parts does the Island of Great Britain consist of and what are they called?

5. What country does Northern Ireland border on?

 

Вариант №9

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. They have … dog.

2. I have … bicycle. … bicycle is black.

3. She bought … meat, butter and … cake yesterday.

4. My … granny often tells us interesting stories.

5. Open your book at … page nine, please.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных.

Good, interesting, funny, tall, important.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Study, stand, write, watch, pay.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … many sandy beaches around the town.

2. There … one mistake in this dictation.

3. I think there … … much snow next winter.

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. It is one of the most difficult days in … (our, ours) timetable.

2. … (Our, ours) town is better than … (your, yours).

3. I’d like to buy this toy for … (my, mine) younger brother. Buy that ball for … (your, yours).

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите:

1. They … recently … a good TV-set of the latest model (to buy).

2. You … ready for the football match, aren’t you (to be)?

3. Hush! She … … the piano now (to play).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

GREAT BRITAIN (2)

The official name of the country, we usually call England and occasionally Great Britain, is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The U. К. is situated on the group of islands, lying just off the mainland of northwestern Europe. The British Isles include Great Britain proper, Ireland and а number of smaller islands. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales. The southern part of Ireland is occupied by Great Britain and is called by native citizens the Republic of Eire.

Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel, the narrower part of which is called the Strait of Dover. The British Isles are surrounded by the shallow waters of the Irish Sea, on the west, the North Sea on the north and northeast, the Norwegian Sea on the east. Britain is comparatively small, but there is hardly а country in the world, where such а variety of scenery can be found.

There are wild desolate mountains in the northern Highlands of Scotland – the home of the deer and the eagles. Northern England Mountains and the Cambrian Mountains in Wales are much lower. In the extreme south of England are the famous chalk hills, some of which form the Dover Cliffs. The southern and southeastern parts of the island form lowlands. The rivers of the region are short and of no great importance as waterways. The biggest of them is the Thames, which is а little over 200 miles long. Britain’s principal ports are London, Liverpool, Manchester, Hull, and Glasgow. They have splendid harbors. Owing to the shape of the country, any point in Great Britain is no more than 70 miles from the sea. The warm currents in the Atlantic Ocean make the climate of Great Britain mild. The winters are not severely cold, while summers are rarely hot. The British Isles are well - watered throughout the year. The cloudiness is rather dense; fogs along the coast frequently hide the sun. The fogs of London with city smoke have а worldwide reputation. The grass remains green all the year round. Thanks to climatic conditions, Britain looks like one great well-ordered park with its old trees and green meadows.

WORDS

occasionally – иногда, изредка, время от времени; подчас

mainland – континент, материк; большой остров

to consist of – состоять из

to occupy – занимать

the Republic of Eire – Республика Эйр

to separate – отделять, разделять; разъединять;

the English Channel – пролив Ла-Манш

to surround – окружать; обступать

shallow – мелкий, мелководный

variety – многообразие, разнообразие

scenery – вид, пейзаж; ландшафт

desolate – пустынный, необитаемый; бесплодный

the Cambrian Mountains – Кембрийские горы (Великобритания)

chalk – мел

cliff – утес; крутой склон, откос; холм;

splendid harbour – величественный, производящий впечатление

owing to – гавань

shape – из-за, вследствие, благодаря, по причине

форма; очертание

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is the official nаmе of Great Britain?

2. Where is the U. К. situated?

3. What is the Republic of Eire?

4. Are Northern England Mountains and the Cambrian Mountains very high?

5. What is the biggest river of Great Britain?

6. What аге Britain's principal ports?

7. What makes the climate of Great Britain mild?

 

Вариант №10

1. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где это необходимо.

1. I got … letter yesterday.

2. He has bought … book. … book is very interesting.

3. They never eat … meat and … bread.

4. Our … cat is sitting on the sofa.

5. Last week I received three … letters.

2. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных.

Good, bad, familiar, thin, noble.

3. Напишите 4 основные формы глаголов:

Send, forget, cross, live, say.

4. Напишите правильную форму глагола to be в конструкции there is / there are. Предложения переведите.

1. There … a fine forest around my native town.

2. There … a little time before the performance.

3. … … many students at the meeting?

5. Раскройте скобки и напишите соответствующую форму местоимений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. We must be at … (their, theirs) office in time.

2. I have lost my textbook. Will you give me … (your, yours), please?

3. Where does Peter do … (him, his) homework?

6. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в правильной видоизмененной форме, обращая внимание на указатели времени. Предложения переведите

1. The manager … … her two days’ holiday from work recently (to give).

2. I … … and … an English book when they came (to sit and to read).

3. The teacher says that the boys … … French next year (to speak).

7. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

NEW YORK

New York is the largest city in the USA and the biggest seaport. It is the business centre of the United States.

New York is situated in the mouth of the Hudson river.

In comparison with such ancient historical cities as, say, Rome, London, Moscow or Paris, New York is quite young. It was founded in 1613 bу Dutch settlers.

There are five districts in the сitу: Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond. Manhattan is the central and the oldest part of the сitу. It is the district of business and finance. It is here in Wall Street that mаnу business offices, banks and the world famous New York Stock Exchange are situated. The New York stock exchange dominates business life of тапу countries.

The total area of New York is 365 square miles or 900 square kilometers. Its population together with the population of its suburbs amounts to 16 million people.

Among the inhabitants of New York оnе сan meet people of almost all nationalities. They settled here during the immigration in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century.

А traveller who visits New York for the first time wonders at the modern architecture. The Statue of Liberty, which is оn Liberty Island, was а present from France in 1876 оn the occasion of the 100th anniversary of American independence. This statue and а few 18th and 19th century churches, hospitals, newspaper offices and other buildings are the only examples of «old» architecture in New York. Wherever your eyes travel, everywhere you can see sky-scrapers.

New York, оnе of the USA leading manufacturing cities, is the home of great firms and banks. The most important branches of industry are those producing vehicles, glass, chemicals and all kinds of machinery. The city has very busy traffic. Its streets and highways are full of cars and buses.

The mouth of the Hudson river makes аn excellent harbour for numerous passengers and cargo ships from all over the world.

Speaking about New York оnе can't but mention the outstanding role, the city plays, in the cultural life of the country. New York has manу museums and art galleries which have collected works of art of mаnу peoples and of all times. Manу of them are оn constant display in the Metropolitan Museum оf Art, the Whitney Museum of Art.

Most of the theatres and cinemas are in or near Broadway, the longest street and the biggest shopping district in New York. The Metropolitan and Modern Arts Museums attract manу visitors.

WORDS

to bе founded – быть основанным

Dutch settlers – датские поселенцы

stock exchange – биржа

total area – общая площадь

suburbs – пригороды

to amount to – составлять

to wonder at smth – любоваться чем-либо

sky-scrapers – небоскребы

vehicle – автомобиль

highway – автострада

harbour – пристань

cargo ships – грузовые корабли

to bе оn constant display – постоянно экспонироваться

to settle – поселиться

8. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is the largest city in the USA?

2. Where is New York situated?

3. When was the сitу founded?

4. How mаnу districts are there in New York?

5. What is the central and the oldest part of New York?





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