КамчатГТУ, английский язык в профессиональной сфере (контрольная работа №1)
04.12.2017, 12:38

Каждая из контрольных работ состоит из 5 вариантов, каждый вариант состоит из 7–8 заданий. Последняя цифра зачетной книжки указывает, какой вариант следует выполнить:

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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №1

Вариант 1

Задание 1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1 и 2 абзацы текста.

WHAT IS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION?

Generally thought of as the area where Political Science meets Administrative Law, Public Administration is both an academic field of study and an occupation. From an academic point of view, Public Administration is defined as “a program that prepares individuals to serve managers in the executive arm of local, state, and federal government and that focuses on the systematic study of executive organization and management”.

Public Administration is primarily concerned with how government programs and policies are organized, maintained, and executed. Another item of importance is the conduct of administrative officials and other public servants, and how their performance is evaluated. From an occupational perspective, the Public Administration profession is comprised of establishments and institutions that perform governmental duties such as national defense, taxation, international aide, legislative activities, foreign policy, and the administration of government programs.

Public Administration is multidisciplinary by its nature, and can be divided into six components:

1. Human Resources: the individuals that comprise the workforce of a given business, institution of economy.

2. Organizational theory: the study of organization with the intention of identifying themes or patterns in an attempt to solve problems, maximize productivity and efficiency.

3. Policy Analysis: the process of determining which policy out of numerous options is best suited to achieve a set of goals.

4. Statistics: the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

5. Budgeting: the financial planning and listing of all planned revenues and expenses.

6. Ethics: the systematizing, defending, and recommending of concepts dealing with right and wrong conduct.

As for career opportunities in Public Administration, positions that are common in this field include federal, state, city, and local agency officials, municipal budget directors, city managers, cabinet secretaries, human resources administrators, and public administrators working in departments and agencies at all levels government.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты словосочетаний.

Возможности карьеры; городской управляющий; государственный служащий; законодательная деятельность; рабочая сила; попытка решить проблемы; налогообложение; теория организации; финансирование; правительственный чиновник; правительство; продуктивность и эффективность; городской бюджет; административное право; внешняя политика; местное, государственное и федеральное управление.

Задание 3. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык.

Political Science; from an occupational perspective; national defense; executive arm; presentation of data; to achieve a set of goals; Human Resources; the Public Administration profession; to be concerned  with; legislative activities; conduct of administrative officials; numerous options; cabinet secretaries; to perform governmental duties; financial planning; institution of economy; to deal with right and wrong conduct; multidisciplinary by its nature; policy analysis; revenues and expenses.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.

1. How is Public Administration defined from an academic point of view?

2. What is Public Administration primarily concerned with?

3. What components is Public Administration divided into?

4. To your mind, which of the given components is the most important for a specialist in Public Administration?

5. What positions are common in the field of Public Administration?

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста предложения в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice), укажите время и переведите на русский язык.

Задание 6. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Укажите видовременную форму глагола.

1. The government will be spending a great deal of money on health care and education next year.

2. Manufacturing of household durables has been growing rapidly over several decades.

3. The position of the enterprise is presented in the balance sheet.

4. Many economic systems were undergoing fundamental changes during that period of time.

5. A good profit was made by the company last year.

Задание 7. Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Он знал, что фирма постоянно заключает контракты  с компанией Nokia.

2. Он знал, что фирма уже заключила новый контракт с компанией Nokia.

3. Он знал, что фирма будет заключать контракт с компанией Nokia на следующей неделе.

Задание 8. Прочитайте и определите тип делового письма. Перепишите и переведите письмо на русский язык.

Dear Mr Ivanov,

Teflo Group of companies wants to thank you for your kind support towards our organization. Making us your business partners was a huge initiative and we appreciate your interest towards our project.

Your gesture of trust and loyalty will become an asset for both companies. We will work harder in order to get our business flourish soon. We cordially want to welcome you in our group. Your generous contribution is a source of our pleasure and success.

Wishing for the bright future of both companies.

Yours sincerely, …

 

Вариант 2

Задание 1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2, 3 и 4 абзацы текста.

FORMS OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

A company (UK) or corporation (US) is a form of business organization operating to make a profit. There are three principal forms of business organization: the sole proprietorship, the partnership, the corporation.

The simplest form of business organization is the sole proprietorship, which is owned by one person. The owner has relatively unlimited control over business and keeps all the profit. These firms are usually owned by one person who has day-to-day responsibility for running the business. Sole proprietorship is the most widespread form of business organization.

In a partnership, two or more people share ownership of a single business. Like proprietorship, the law does not distinguish between the business and the owners. The partners should have a legal agreement that sets forth how decisions will be made, profits will be shared, disputes will be resolved and how future partners will be admitted to the partnership.

A corporation is a large company or a group of companies authorized to act as a single entity and recognized as such in law. A corporation can be taxed; it can be sued; it can enter into contractual agreements. The owners of corporation are its shareholders. The shareholders elect a board of directors to oversee the corporation’s major policies and decisions.

Companies are involved in many activities, for example, buying, selling, marketing and production, in a range of different industries or business sectors, such as information technology, telecommunications, film, and car manufacture and so on.

Understanding financial performance is often a neglected skill among managers, but it is a vital one. Finance, financial statements analysis and financial reporting provide important insights into business performance, resource allocation and time management. 

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты словосочетаний.

Наиболее распространенная форма предпринимательской деятельности; получать прибыль; индивидуальное частное предприятие; финансовая отчетность; собственность; иметь юридическое соглашение; жизненно важный; владельцы корпорации; преследовать в судебном порядке; покупка; продажа; производство; распределение ресурсов; облагать налогом; разрешать споры; неограниченный контроль; заключать соглашение; понимание финансового состояния.

Задание 3. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык.

Financial statements analysis; to elect a board of directors; to provide insights into business performance; to run business; to be involved in many activities; information technology; business sectors; to own; authorized to act as a single entity; to admit future partners to the partnership; to have unlimited control over business; car manufacture; to share ownership; to oversee major policies and decisions; day-to-day responsibility; to share profits.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.

1. What are the three principal forms of business organization?

2. What is a sole proprietorship?

3. What is a partnership?

4. What should partners have to run their business?

5. What is a corporation?

6. Who are the owners of a corporation?

7. Who oversees the major policies and decisions?

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста предложения в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice), укажите время и переведите на русский язык.

Задание 6. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Укажите видовременную форму глагола.

1. The company was spending more money overseas to buy the imported goods it needed.

2. Their products were being produced at the lowest possible cost and were being sold at the right price at that time.

3. If a country is suffering from inflation, a floating rate may remove some of the pressure on the government to deal with the problem.

4. They will have replaced heavy industries, including steel manufacturing and shipbuilding, by high technology manufacturing industries.

5. This question was raised at the last meeting and no conclusion was reached then.

Задание 7. Переведите предложения, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Секретарь сообщил, что Майк переводит технические документы сейчас.

2. Секретарь сообщил, что Майк перевел документы к 3 часам вчера.

3. Секретарь сообщил, что Майк переведет все документы через два дня.

Задание 8. Прочитайте и определите тип делового письма. Перепишите и переведите письмо на русский язык.

Dear Mr Brown,

I am writing to convey my warm congratulations on your appointment to the Board of Agricultural Machinery Ltd.

My fellow directors and I are delighted that the many years of service you have given to your company should at last have been rewarded in this way and we join in sending you our very best wishes for the future.

Yours sincerely, …

 

Вариант 3

Задание 1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста.

BUSINESS STRUCTURE

Each company whether it is large or small has its business structure. Many companies have much in common in their business structures. The Top Management always consists of the Board of Directors and the executive officers. The Board of Directors determines basic company policies and appoints the executive officers. These officers include a Chairman of the Board or Chief Executive Officer, a president and a number of vice-presidents. They are responsible for carrying out the decisions of the Board of Directors and the stockholders. The executive officers also select the managers of the various departments of the organization. The Managing Director (sometimes called the Chief Executive or the President) is the head of organization.

The Chairman of the Board is in overall control and may not be the head of anyone’s department. Under him there are executive managers, responsible for the work in different departments.

The number of departments in the organization depends on the size of the company and on the nature of the goods and services it provides. For example, a company with many employees may need a Personnel Department. A manufacturing firm may also need a Research Department. Ways of development new products or improving the existing ones are studied by the Research Department. Many organizations have departments that handle three basic business activities: production, finance and marketing.

The Production Department consists of several divisions: Production, Packaging, Distribution, Quality and Maintenance. The Marketing Department plans how to sell products and includes Advertising Division as well. There may be several divisions in the Finance Department connected with consumer accounts, wages and salaries, financial services, taxation, investment and cash management.

All these departments are headed by managers. The manager is in charge of its day-to-day running, and he reports to the Director. The Director is responsible for strategic planning and making decisions. Various personnel in each department report to the manager.

But specialists say that to succeed in the 21st century corporations will need to break the rules about structuring and running their business.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты словосочетаний.

Председатель совета директоров; структура предприятия; акционер; руководство компании; производственная фирма; отдел кадров; управляющий директор; главный исполнительный директор; глава компании; разрабатывать новые продукты; отдел сбыта; служащий; упаковка; иметь много общего; заработная плата и оклады; научно-исследовательский отдел; быть ответственным за стратегическое планирование; подчиняться директору; рекламный отдел; производственный отдел.

Задание 3. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык.

Executive officer; to determine basic company policies; employees; to run business; to break the rules; to be responsible for strategic planning; consumer accounts; day-to-day running; to have much in common; to sell products; to provide services; to report to the manager; personnel; to consist of; to be in charge of; to make decisions; to study ways of development new products; to handle three basic business activities; cash management; to depend on the size of the company.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.

1. Who does the Top Management consist of?

2. What are the main functions of the Board of Directors?

3. What are executive officers responsible for?

4. Who is the head of the organization?

5. What does the number of departments in the organization depend on?

6. Who is responsible for strategic planning and making decisions?

7.  n your opinion, why doesn’t the traditional business structure satisfy modern demands?

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста предложения в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice), укажите время и переведите на русский язык.

Задание 6. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Укажите видовременную форму глагола.

1. The output of agricultural products is being seriously affected by variation in weather conditions.

2. When Mr Brown retires next year, he will have been working for our company for 25 years.

3. Many new jobs were provided by the firm last year.

4. The construction of a new office building took years.

5. Many economic systems were undergoing fundamental changes during this period of time.

Задание 7. Переведите предложения, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Он сказал, что работает директором завода.

2. Он сказал, что работал директором завода 20 лет назад.

3. Он сказал, что будет работать директором завода скоро.

Задание 8. Прочитайте и определите тип делового письма. Перепишите и переведите письмо на русский язык.

Dear Mr Gilbery,

I am writing to apply for the position of a Human Resources Administrator advertised on your website. As requested, I am enclosing a completed job application, my certification and diploma, my CV and three references.

I believe that my professional experience and education will make me a very competitive candidate for this position. Please see my CV for additional information on my experience. I can be reached anytime via

e-mail or my mobile phone.

Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to the opportunity of discussing my application with you further.

Sincerely yours, …

 

Вариант 4

Задание 1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста.

HIRING NEW EMPOLYEES

Interviews are a central part of the recruitment process for most organizations. Usually applicants are interviewed after sending in an application form or CV for a particular position. The purpose of an interview is to give the selector a chance to assess the applicant, and for the applicant to demonstrate abilities and personality. It is also an opportunity for the applicants to make sure that the organization and the position are what they want.

The recruitment process for most organizations is standard – applications are received, either via an online application form, or a postal form or CV. Candidates are shortlisted and invited for interview. The interview format and number of interviews can vary considerably. Some companies are satisfied after just one interview whereas others make a further shortlist of candidates for one or more interviews. If the applicants are successful at the interview stage then they will receive an official letter offering them the job.

The purpose of the job interview is to find out as much information as possible about the applicant’s work background, especially work habits and skills. The best way to do this is to ask each applicant specific questions: “What did you do on your last job? How did you do it? Why was it done?”

The applicant’s replies are evaluated and when the interview is over, the applicant is asked to check back later, if that applicant suits for a job. The decision is not made until all the applicants have been interviewed.

Next, the obtained information is verified. It is usually done by asking the previous employers questions like “How long did the employee work for you? Was his work poor, average, or excellent? Why did the employee leave work?”

After the information on all applicants is verified, the selection can be made. The result of this selection is the right employee. The right employee can help make money. The wrong employee will cost much wasted time, materials, and may even drive away customers.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты словосочетаний.

Оценивать кандидатуру; цель собеседования; официальное письмо с предложением о работе; изменяться; проверять информацию; работодатель; выяснить как можно больше информации; процесс подбора персонала; успешный; возможность; оставить работу; наем новых служащих; количество собеседований; производить отбор; демонстрировать свои способности; убедиться; информация о предыдущей работе.

Задание 3. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык.

Previous employers; to leave employment; to suit for a job; to recruit; recruitment; to demonstrate abilities and personality; to cost much wasted time; to verify the obtained information; the purpose of the interview; to make money; via an online application form; СV for a particular position; to make a further shortlist; successful applicants; to evaluate the applicants’ replies; to drive away customers.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.

1. Why are interviews a central part of the recruitment process?

2. What is the purpose of an interview?

3. What steps does the standard recruitment process consist of?

4. What information are employers interested in before making the right choice?

5. How is the obtained information verified?

6. What can happen if the selected employee doesn’t suit for the job?

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста предложения в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice), укажите время и переведите на русский язык.

Задание 6. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Укажите видовременную форму глагола.

1. Next year I will have been working for this company for 30 years.

2. How much is saved and how much is borrowed is a matter of personal choice.

3. The laws of demand and supply, the connection between the costs of production and supply were first worked out by Dionysius Lardner.

4. These products were being designed by a special team when I joined it.

5. A new tax has been imposed on wine.

Задание 7. Переведите предложения, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Нам не сказали о том, что делегация из США приезжает на этой неделе.

2. Нам не сказали о том, что делегация из США приехала три дня назад.

3. Нам не сказали о том, что делегация из США приедет завтра.

Задание 8. Прочитайте и определите тип делового письма. Перепишите и переведите письмо на русский язык.

Dear Mr Rogers,

It is our great pleasure to inform you that our new product line of sugar confectionery is ready for your inspection.

We believe that you will be delighted with a surprise when you see some of our latest innovations in the conception and design, and we invite you to visit our showroom (31, Vorontsovskaya Street, Moscow, Russia) on December 15th  2017, where to your convenience, the exhibition of caramel and chocolate sweets will be organized.

We will look forward to seeing you soon.

Sincerely, …

 

Вариант 5

Задание 1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 3, 4 и 5 абзацы текста.

FIVE COMMON TYPES OF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE

Business correspondence is a form of written communication used for business purposes between organizations, within the organization, or between clients and the organization. E-mail is also a form of business correspondence which is used to represent a company or for the purpose of the business. Written communication is important in business for various reasons. It serves as a formal way of exchanging information as well maintaining professional relationships between organizations, employees, and clients.

There are five common types of business correspondence that are typically used in organizations. They are internal correspondence, external correspondence, sales correspondence, personalized correspondence, and circulars.

Internal correspondence is a written communication between the employees, departments, and branches of the same organization. Internal correspondence can either be formal or less formal. Routine internal correspondence is usually less formal, such as quick instructions between a supervisor and a staff, and they are normally in the form of e-mail. Formal types of internal correspondence include written reprimand, notice to explain, memorandum, formal requests for approval, and letter of approval, etc.

External correspondence takes place between different organizations, or between an organization and their individual clients. This correspondence is written by a company to those who do not belong to their organization. So, it is commonly sent to vendors, creditors, suppliers, existing customers, prospective clients, financial institutions, government offices, law and accounting firms, sponsors or donors who have either direct or indirect business relationship with the company.

Sales correspondence is not limited to just selling a product or service, but it also includes other activities relating to sales. Sales correspondence include marketing letters, letters of offer, sales proposals, invoices, statement of accounts, sales reports, order confirmation, purchase orders and so on.

Personalized correspondence is based on personal and emotional factors. Despite being labeled as “personalized”, this type of correspondence can also be used for business purposes. Popular examples of personalized correspondence are: letters of gratitude and congratulation letter.

Circulars are notices that are used by a large number of people within the organization. It is also referred to as office instructions or announcements. Often, general announcements (such as details about meetings with shareholders, instructions about certain protocols, etc) are being communicated via circulars.

Business correspondence is an essential tool for the day-to-day operations of a company. It helps people within an organization communicate with each other efficiently. It also helps an organization transact and maintain a good professional relationship with their business partners, customers, and other organizations.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты словосочетаний.

Деловая переписка; счет-фактура; подтверждение заказа; коммерческое предложение; филиалы одной и той же организации; официальный способ обмена информации; сохранение профессиональных отношений между организациями, работодателями и клиентами; информационные письма; объяснительная записка; юридические и бухгалтерские фирмы; принадлежать организации; письмо-поздравление; служебная записка; поставщик; текущая деятельность компании.

Задание 3. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык.

Internal correspondence; to represent a company; notices; written reprimand; external correspondence; prospective clients; sales correspondence; good professional relationship with business partners; purchase orders; details about meetings with shareholders; personalized correspondence; essential tool for the day-to-day operations of a company; a form of written communication; marketing letter; letter of gratitude; quick instructions between a supervisor and a staff.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы письменно.

1. Why is written communication important in business?

2. What are the five most common types of business correspondence?

3. Is e-mail a form of business correspondence too?

4. What is the difference between internal and external correspondence?

5. Sales correspondence is limited to selling products and services, isn’t it?

6. Can personalized correspondence be used for business purposes?

7. What are circulars?

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста предложения в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice), укажите время и переведите на русский язык.

Задание 6. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Укажите видовременную форму глагола.

1. America’s involvement in the global economy has passed through two distinct periods: a development era and a free-trade era.

2. Two hundred years ago, Adam Smith convinced most of the world that economy worked best when it was left alone.

3. A number of contracts were signed during the exhibition.

4. New interest rates are encouraging people to avoid spending.

5. The old banknotes are being withdrawn from circulation.

Задание 7. Переведите предложения, используя правила согласования времен.

1. Нам сказали, что они экспортируют свою продукцию в Италию сейчас.

2. Нам сказали, что они экспортировали свою продукцию в Италию в прошлом году.

3. Нам сказали, что они будут экспортировать свою продукцию в Италию в следующем году.

Задание 8. Прочитайте и определите тип делового письма. Перепишите и переведите письмо на русский язык.

Dear Mr. Ray Warren,

I am keenly interested in working as a Public Affairs Coordinator in a growth oriented organization where my knowledge in this field will be valued and utilized. I would like to work with your organization as it is one of the esteemed organizations where talented and hard-working employees are always valued.

I have enclosed my resume along with this letter for your reference so that you get a clear idea about my experience in this field. I am expert in understanding the current industry trends and always updated with changes in the industry. My communication skills will surely help you in maintaining business relationships and making new and beneficial relationships in business.

Hope you will consider my application and review my resume for further details about my profile. You can call me at 948-836-6059 or mail me at samwarren.36@any.com.

Thank you for consideration.

Sincerely yours, …

 





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СТАТИСТИКА
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ТЕОРИЯ ВЕРОЯТНОСТЕЙ И МАТ. СТАТИСТИКА
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ФИНАНСЫ, ДЕНЕЖНОЕ ОБРАЩЕНИЕ И КРЕДИТ
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ЭКОНОМЕТРИКА
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ЭКОНОМИКА
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ЭКОНОМИКА ПРЕДПРИЯТИЯ, ОТРАСЛИ
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ГУМАНИТАРНЫЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
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ДРУГИЕ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
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ЕСТЕСТВЕННЫЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
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ПРАВОВЫЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
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ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
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РАБОТЫ, ВЫПОЛНЕННЫЕ НАШИМИ АВТОРАМИ
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ОНЛАЙН ТЕСТЫ
ВМ, ТВ и МС, статистика, мат. методы, эконометрика